Manchukuo Japan Reply
Manchukuo was not recognised by the U.P.U. and as a result, the items below could only be used for mail between Manchukuo and Japan. A customer would purchase the coupon at their local Post Office and send it in a letter to Japan, the coupon could then be presented at a Post Office in Japan to pay for the return mail. This meant that the coupon values needed to reflect the Japanese postage rates for letters sent to Manchukuo (see the table below), these were often different to the rates for the sending of letters from Manchukuo to Japan. Prices in each case reflect the domestic fee for a standard rate letter within the basic weight limit (15 to 20g).
It is rare to find these coupons with both a seller and redeemers postmark. After the coupons were exchanged for stamps at a Post Office, they had no further use and were usually burnt.
There were two basic reply coupons a 4f and a 5f, these were up-rated or down-rated using hand stamps. To see a translation of the characters on this form click here. 4f black on dull pink to mauve, 5f black on a biste to olive background. Both issues are subject to much variation in the background colour, possibly indicating the work of more than one printer.