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Manchurian Local Overprints 1945 - 1947

         
   

Guandong

關東

Port Arthur & Dairen
(Former Kwantung Leased Territory)

   

Soviet forces entered into the former Kwantung Leased Territory shortly after the Japanese surrender of 18th August 1945 and postal services were suspended for six months. A limited service was resumed, in larger post offices only, on 18th March 1946. The Russians quickly established links to the local communist areas and gradually this increased to all communist held areas in China. Until 1949 there were no postal links to any non-communist country outside of China.

It should be noted that the Kwantung Leased Territory was never a part of Manchukuo and this was the only area other than Manchukuo in which the stamps from Manchukuo were used.

All stamps used were from captured stocks and so were either Japanese or those of the 4th or 5th regular issue from Manchukuo. The first three sets of overprinted stamps issued by the Russians were overprinted 遼寧郵政 meaning Liaoning Postal Administration. It was originally intended that the whole Liaoning district was to be governed by a single postal administration. This did not happen.

Some Liaoning post overprinted stamps were issued outside of Kwantung, Kerr lists these as Pen Ki locals, also a series overprinted 遼西地區 West Liaoning Prefecture which Kerr lists under Liao Si. Kerr had some doubts about the validity of both sets and it seems they were only used within Liaoning.

 This Chinese administration set up the LUDA posts, derived from LUshun (the Chinese name of Port Arthur) and DAlien. The title of this administration was 旅大解放区邮政管理局(Luda Jiefang Qu Youzheng Guanli Ju)= "Liberated zone of Luda Directorate General of Post-Services". The Chinese continued to overprint stamps of Manchukuo and the work of overprinting was given to the Taitung Daily Press and the overprints were neatly typeset.

The last overprinted stamp from Manchukuo is thought to have been issued in March 1949 and is surcharged 50 yuan (in black) on a 1f brown of the 1936 fourth regular issue.

The Soviets shared control of Port Arthur with the Chinese Communists from August 1945 to May 1950, they controlled the financial matters of the city. The Soviet banknotes for the Kwantung Bank (Luda zone) where designed and printed by the Russians so they are very European in style, all other financial material was Russian supervised.

         
  Soviet Postal Administration  
         
   
  20f on 20sn unlisted 20f on 30f 1Y on 12f  
  1st Regular Issue, April 1946 - The banner reads 遼寧郵政 Liaoning Posts.  
         
         
       
  1Y on 3s   5Y on 6s  
         
  This is a set of 2 surcharges on Japanese issues, they are listed in Scott but some controversy exists as to their origin. They are scarce and are seldom seen used.  
         
         
   
  20f on 2s  11/5/46 1Y on 17s  11/5/46 2Y on 2s Unissued  
  Note - Watermarks differ for these two 6s stamps one has Zig Zag and the other Wavy lines.    
  5Y on 6s   5Y on 6s  
   
  5Y on 6s Unissued 5Y on 6s  11/5/46 15Y on 40s  
  2nd Regular Issue, April/May 1946 - Soviet Administration LUDA Posts Surcharges on Stamps of Japan. The banner reads 遼寧郵政 Liaoning Posts.  
         
         
   
  1Y on 1f 5Y on 4f 15Y on 30f  
       
    5Y on 4f inverted    
  1st May 1946 - Surcharges to announce the change to Chinese administration and to celebrate labour day - last Soviet issue. The first two stamps can be found with a double surcharge or with the surcharge inverted.  
         
         
  Chinese Communist Postal Administration  
         
  Overprinted by the Taitung Daily Press, as are all following Chinese issues.  
         
   
  1Y on 6f 5Y on 2f 15Y on 12f  
  1st July 1946 - Surcharges to commemorate the 9th Anniversary of the outbreak of war with the Japanese.

Error
 
    Error - Duplicated Character     
         
   
  1Y on 12f 5Y on 1f 15Y on 5f  
  15th August 1946 - Surcharges to commemorate the 1st Anniversary of the Japanese surrender.  
         
         
     
  1Y on ½s   5Y on 1s  
  These 10.10 surcharges on Japanese stamps are either essays or early fakes, both stamps were found in a collection of stamps assembled in 1947-8 by an American attached to the Nationalist Forces in China. The authorised stamps appear below.  
         
   
  1Y on 6f 5Y on 12f 15Y on 2f  
  10th October 1946 - "Double Tenth" surcharges to celebrate the 35th Anniversary of the 1911 Revolution.  
         
         
   
  1Y on 1f 5Y on 6f 15Y on 12f  
  19th October 1946 - 10th Anniversary of the death of Lu Hsün 魯迅, an important Chinese writer and the founder of modern Chinese literature.  
         
         
   
  1Y on 2f 5Y on 6f 15Y on 13f  
  20th February 1947 - 29th Anniversary of the first Red Army Day.  
         
         
   
  1Y on 2f 5Y on 6f 15Y on 30f  
  1st May 1947 - International Labour Day.  
         
         
   
  5Y on 2f 15Y on 6f 20Y on 30f  
       
    20Y on 30f    
  15th September 1947 - Overprinted 中國關東軍郵政 Chinese Kwantung Post, plus the surcharge.  
         
         
   
  10Y on 2f       20Y on 6f 100Y on Seal  
  23rd February 1948 - 30th Anniversary of the first Red Army Day.  
         
       
         
  11th February 1940 - 2600th Anniversary of the Japanese Empire, Japanese Savings Seal without the overprint. These labels were produced in sheets of 80 (10 x 8).

Stocks of this label were surcharged and used as shown above due to a shortage of stamps after the war.

 
         
         
   
  20Y on 2f 50Y on 4f 100Y on 20f  
  August 1948 - Kwantung Postal Administration.  
         
         
   
  10Y on 1f       50Y on 2f 100Y on 4f  
  7th November 1948 - 31st Anniversary of the October (1917) Revolution in Petrograd which paved the way for the Communist "Soviet" government which came into power in 1922.  
         
         
     
  10Y on 2f   50Y on 1f  
  15th November 1948 - Surcharged stamps overprinted "Chinese Postal Administration Kwantung Posts and Telegraph".  
         

         
     
  10Y on 2f   50Y on 20f  

15th November 1948 - Surcharged stamps overprinted in red and green to promote the Kwantung Agricultural and Industrial Exhibition.

         
         
   
  $5 on 3c $10 on 1f $50 on 2f  
         
  Red Ovpt    
  $100 on 4f   $100 on 4f inverted  
         
  January 1949 - Surcharged stamps with a machine overprint reading "Chinese Postal Administration, Kwantung Posts and Telegraph. This is the latest known overprint on the stamps of Manchukuo made for postal use.  
         
         
       
    $5 on 13f    
     
  So far I am unable to find a listing for this 5Y surcharge. The overprint seems to read 中國 China, Kwantung Administration, 五圆 Five Dollars (or Yuan). This stamp is not listed in Kerr, Chan or Yang.  
         

These stamps have been identified by using Yang's Postage Stamp Catalogue of The Peoples Republic of China (Liberated Areas) by N. C. Yang. This well illustrated book is essential for anyone wishing to find a value for these stamps, some of which are very rare.

        D249